Top 100 Business Schools of India – 2012 Rankings

Business Today and Nielsen has published the B-School rankings for 2012, in India. One of the interesting things this ranking has attempted to achieve the balance between “perception overlaps” among “chains of B-Schools”… (like IIMs, IMIs, IMTs, IITs, Symbiosis, ICFAI etc).. and estimate the individual B-School’s actual but relative position, somewhat unaffected by the umbrella brands. Indeed a good and novel way to rank institutes. There were two surveys, one to estimate the perceptive performances of institutes, and another to estimate the factual performances of the institutes.

The factual survey was done first, wherein we sent out a detailed questionnaire across multiple parameters to 1,832 B-schools across the country. Subsequently, after the factual data had come in from these schools, the perceptual survey was started. A separate questionnaire was administered to a group of more than 1,200 stakeholders of the B-school ecosystem, including teachers, students, young executives and HR recruiters. Their opinions are taken again on various aspects relating to the five key parameters – Learning Experience, Living Experience, Return On Investment, Future Orientation and Brand Value and finally a sum of products approach was undertaken and scoring of the institutes was achieved.

Check out the rankings below:


Happy Independence Day for all Indians

To all our Indian readers, we wish you a happy independence day. May the 66th independence day usher in a new era of growth, economic and social prosperity and development for all the citizens of our motherland. While we celebrate, let us take an oath to rededicate to our motherland our services which will ensure a new direction for the rising sun.Let us consciously change ourselves to be able to choose to serve the nation’s interest, while keeping aside all other interest, sometimes, even compromising our own. Let us change ourselves for the greater good.

Sharing another scanned document of the first newsprint of the first dawn of independence when the citizens of India saw the morning in a new light of glory.

Feel free to share the photo with all your friends.

BTW did you read Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s memorable “Dawn of Independence” speech on the first independence day.

Vande Mataram.

Editor – Business Fundas

Indian Telecom Sector – Market Analysis

In this report we try to provide some information of the Indian Telecom Sector in June, 2011, based on secondary research. The boom phase for Indian telecom market continues to thrive on the availability of cheaper telecom services alongside an aggressive marketing strategy by the service providers. The growth phase is panning out across India and is not just limited to urban India. While the customer satisfaction has increased substantially in 2010 and 2011, as per a survey done by TRAI, the profitability of the sector has decreased substantially in 2011.

While the market continues to be led by Bharti Airtel, in terms of market share by revenue, it is closely followed by Vodafone and the relative younger player, Idea Cellular. BSNL is continuing to witness a sharp decline in its subscriber base, with probably the highest ever telecom churn in the industry.

One of the major causes while the telecom operators have seen such a mixed bag of fortune is due to the introduction of the Mobile number portability (MNP).  Due to the introduction of this service via regulation, customers will be able carry their mobile number across service providers in India. The biggest affected service providers had been Reliance and BSNL, while Airtel has been the leading gainer from this exercise.

Top B-Schools of India

The results for the top 30 B-Schools of India are out for the year 2011.
This time the study was conducted by Economic Times and ratified by a consulting major who collected a total of 253 responses across the 5 functional areas with 31 IT Heads, 38 Finance Head, 97 HR Head, 34 Production/Manufacturing Head was achieved. Finally a study that is ranking the institutes based on what the actual rank is, based on the performances of the students and not on the perceptions of MBA Wannabes, and hence a lot more accurate and relevant for MBA Wannabes.


SME Lending : A Growth Strategy

SME lending in India has been a neglected target market since the independence. Though, government tried to propagate SME lending using regulations and incentives, however, somehow beneficial impact was never visible and SME lending always remained a poor cousin to other activities of lending institutions.

It needs to be initially identified what the current constraints are existent for the SME lending. It is recognized that Government should take initiative to operationalize SFCs in big Scale, and professionally run rather than bureaucratically. Subsequent sections focus on how SFCs or financial institutions need to first evolve a strategic focus on the sector by understanding the client & his needs. The SFC needs to re-engineer the SME lending value chain with the intention to develop a long standing relationship with the SME clientele set. The modifications needs to be executed across the critical areas via marketing execution, product development , streamlining of operations through internet integrated delivery channels & application of advanced risk modeling techniques.
As the relationship evolves over time, the firm is able to indulge in relationship lending due to reduction of information asymmetry which lowers supervisory costs & increases account profitability for the firm. Through retrained & empathetic staff dealing with SME clients, the interaction level deepens. Finally the SFC by donning the role of a Financial Consultant transforms from a lending institution into a one stop solution for all the financial needs of the SME client.
At the end the concept of Fund Financing is also suggested as an approach. The focus in the further studies has been made on traditional sources of Financing as SIDBI, is coming out with processes to replicate and innovate the present schemes to suit SME needs.


This article is authored by Mukesh who is an alumni of Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow. He has been associated with Crisil and has been recognized as a young thought leader of India.

Top B-Schools of India in 2010

As per a study done by PagalGuy, the following is the ranking of B-Schools in India in 2010. Overall a sample size of 9576 respondents were used to evaluate the rank perception of 184 B-Schools in India. The study chooses factors such as brand of the school, faculty reputation, placements, industry recognition, student extra-curricular activities, infrastructure, locational advantage and student quality.

From my view point as an alumni of XLRI, the rankings appear pretty decent and valid while going for a B-School. Do let us know what you think about it, or if you have any query.

A BUDGET FIVER – thumbs up to Pranab da..!

Well, Well, Well….If it isn’t that time of the year again!! The Finance Minister has just presented the 2nd budget of his reign and everyone queues up for their share of the sops. It’s not quit the rain of blessings that we have come to expect from the UPA government over the last couple of budget presentations, rather a more balanced and well thought out effort on the most. Let me focus on the more positive aspects of the budget, for it is always difficult, nay impossible to please everyone all the time.

  • First, the return to fiscal responsibility; the government has tried to return to the path suggested by the 13th finance commission on the FRBM front on two accounts. One, to include the oil bonds and fertilizer bonds in the overall deficit accounting calculations, and second by eliminating bond-based subsidies going forward and reverting to ‘cash-only’ method of subsidies. The first measure presents a true picture of the overall deficit (as opposed to the under-reported figure in the earlier practice) and the second measure promotes a higher level of fiscal propriety – expenditure tends to pinch you more when its cash straight from your wallet rather than mere promissory notes (bonds !?) The government proposes to bring down total deficits to around 5.5% of GDP and a further roadmap of 4.8% and 4.1% in subsequent years – a critical development keeping in mind the sovereign debt crises engulfing the major European economies such as Spain, Portugal and Greece. This will in turn lead to greater confidence in Indian markets, increasing the FDI and FII inflows (compensating for the current account deficit) as well as help out with the burgeoning import bill for Oil imports and heavy capital equipment required for the building of infrastructure in the country (although the appreciating currency will be bad for exports – the above effects will compensate….I guess the exporters will have to focus on improving business efficiency to give them the competitive advantage…not too bad a side effect eh! J)
  • Second, the thrust on infrastructure development with almost 46% of the total planned expenditure being spent on various infrastructure development schemes. All this infra-spending will lead to stimulus for sectors such as steel, cement, hardware and their associated industries upstream and downstream and allow the country to accelerate its rate of growth in the future by providing the basic amenities required for leveraging the growth momentum. This, along with the ‘progressive’ (pay based on ability to pay) direct taxation regime will prevent unnecessary over-heating in the economy, the signs of which are showing their ugly heads in the form of high inflation rates and excessive dependence on the service sector.
  • Thirdly, shifting to a more progressive direct taxation regime by increasing the taxation slabs. This will not only leave more spending power in the hands of the people, it will leave spending power in the hands of the ‘right’ people. Its very similar to the ‘income effect’ in the classical theory of demand. The majority of people falling in the affected slab-group are the burgeoning young middle class with more appetite for consumption. With a reduction in taxation, the effective ‘real’ income of the youth rises, for every rupee left in the hands of the youth, a major proportion is going to be spent on goods and services and the accompanying trickle-down effect ensures that the wheels of the economy keep turning. The alternative to letting the people spend, is to let the government mop up disposable income and spend on behalf of the people – but the inherent inefficiency associated with government spending in terms of cost of tax-administration, leakages, corruption, red-tapism and time-delays in fund disbursal, etc mean that there is a significant lag before the government spending takes effect, as opposed to the faster and more efficient way of private consumption expenditure (although allocative efficiency in terms of where the money ought to be spent is a completely different matter as you cannot stop individuals from spending on undesirable commodities!)
  • Fourth, the recapitalization of the banking system, especially the rural banking system and the thrust on RRB’s will not only help develop the rural and agrarian economies but also indirectly provide a thrust to the growth momentum. The entire process behind the macro-economic move translating to micro-economic stimulus is ingenious in its operation. With cheaper credit available to rural population and self-help groups, they have more avenues of adding to their agricultural income such as trading in spices, local jewelry, vermi-compost farming, poultry farming, brick-manufacturing, etc. This not only allows the village economy to thrive but raises their standard of living making growth more inclusive. The self-help groups also put pressure on the village members to pay back the loans and this peer-pressure ensures a level of financial propriety in the micro-finance system. Also, notice that these are marginal income group people and their marginal propensity of consumption is very-very high and hence every rupee of their income will lead to a greater factor of growth (the multiplicative factor being [1-MPC]) further strengthening the growth momentum.
  • Fifth and finally, I must conclude with what I perceive to be the major disappointment of the budget. No, it is not the raising of indirect taxes and partial withdrawal of the stimulus package, nor is it the raising of import duty (and excise duty) on petroleum products – although it could prove inflationary in the short run. Favourable movement in exchange rates as discussed above could mitigate this impact and coupled with steps to counter speculation in food products could help in bringing down the inflation in these items. The major worry for me, was the absence of financial and insurance sector reforms. This was the second budget for this government, and a golden chance to further de-regulate the business environment as well as make India a better place to conduct business was missed. Generally in the fourth and fifth budget of its tenure, the measures are more populist in nature as the government tries to strengthen its voter-base before the impending elections. It is the second and third budgets where the government has a chance to take some tough decisions as it knows it still has a few more years in power yet. Although the government may be given the benefit of the doubt on this count as this time the priority was fiscal consolidation and maintaining the growth momentum while simultaneously managing the inflationary expectations.

~Abhay Bhaniramka

Abhay Bhaniramka (CA and CS inter) has done his business management (Finance & Economics) from XLRI, one of the top B-Schools of Asia. He works with the management of Tata Steel, strategic finance group, and focuses on financial planning. His hobbies include soccer (ManUtd), blogging and playing chess.

Situation of Outsourcing in the Manufacturing Industries

As a company gets large-scale recognition and popularity, maintaining its image and brand becomes more important than the product it manufactures. So from a product-centric view, companies have shifted their attention to other aspects which include marketing of the product, providing service to the customers and giving the product an image that differentiates it from the rest, not by virtue of its technical specifications but by virtue of customer perception. Hence the rise of outsourcing of manufacturing activities by giants across industries like footwear, iron and steel, durable and non-durable goods, household consumables and several other FMCG products, to small 3rd party manufacturers.


  • Reduced costs for the parent company. This is because the 3rd party manufactures can be small, don’t have much bargaining power over the parent company, minimum wages to be paid are lower, establishment costs borne by 3rd parties.
  • Parent company can devote its funds to marketing and branding activities
  • Risks shared with the 3rd parties, in some cases they are also liable for safe transportation of finished products
  • The 3rd parties instead of being competitors in local markets are now partners
  • 3rd parties get the expertise of the parent company in terms of QA and R&D
  • 3rd parties get a more steady source of income and also the support of a big company
  • Management of the 3rd parties is either less involved or lacks sufficient operational knowhow  resulting in low operational efficiency
  • Financial books are not maintained properly and there are often obvious examples of attempts for tax evasion. The parent company does not interfere in these matters
  • Even if most facilities show some kind of ISO certification, there is very little evidence that the norms are actually followed
  • Mostly there are no proper HR processes or personnel. A big company would have trouble in such cases, but a small manufacturer gets away easily
  • Both the parent company and the manufacturer only consider the margins or ROI of the manufacturers, concentrating only on certain incomplete figures than efficiency or optimization


These are but some of the characteristic features of outsourcing practices in the manufacturing industry in India. As is evident it may be reaping lot of benefits for both the big and small companies, but lot of improvement need to be done to the system, to ensure that the consumers don’t lose out.