Nations are rapidly transforming by leveraging on information and communication technologies (ICTs). The access to information and knowledge across the web enables new innovations and the creation of smart cities. Organisations and governments at all levels initiate ICT-driven programmes to stimulate innovation and address the needs of the key stakeholders. This results in radical changes in the way nations are organized.
Being successful isn’t easy. It always involves working hard, being smart, and having a bit of luck. Whatever business you run, researching the market where youoperate as well as the whole industry is vital for its success. There are initially two types of research:
The world is ever evolving and so too a the people in it. New generations continually do things different than the previous ones and the millennials are much different than any generation that has gone before. If you want to keep up with them you need to do things a little differently.
In India, the trend has been in favour of compact sedans for the past couple of years or so. More and more people are opting for these cars as they offer the double benefit of compactness and spaciousness. Adding to the desirability is the excise duty cuts on cars under four meters in length, which was offered by the Indian government. Moreover, the compact sedans are not as bulky as the sedans. They are easier to handle, fuel-efficient and affordable too.
Title: Literature Review of Supplier Selection Criteria
- Author: Arpan Kumar Kar
- Affiliation: Assistant Professor, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
- Email id: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: Supplier selection literature in procurement management has witnessed a plethora of evaluation criteria, for selecting suppliers. This study prepares a list of all the generic supplier selection criteria, which is prevalent in the existing purchasing literature. The objective of this study is to facilitate an understanding of the different supplier evaluation criteria, which is present in the existing literature, so that future methodological studies in the domain are facilitated by the usage of the appropriate evaluation criteria.
Title : SocialCRM tools selection using Delphi method
Email ID: email@example.com
Indian Institute of Management, Rohtak
Abstract: Various organizations have started adopting SocialCRM tools for their customer relationship management activities. This gives an opportunity to develop technique that can assist organizations in selecting SocialCRM tools based on experts’ decision within organization. While techniques have not been described in details, the focus has been on exploring how business can execute the process of selecting SocialCRM tools based on Delphi study.
This paper must be cited as follows: Khatwani, G. (2014). SocialCRM tools selection using Delphi method. Business Frontiers, 7(1), 1-5.
Keywords: SocialCRM, Delphi, Selection, Prioritization, Ranking
Title: Deciding Advertising Rates in Online Media – A Practical Guide
Arpan Kumar Kar
Assistant Professor: Indian Institute of Management Rohtak
Abstract: Deciding the advertising rates for online media can often be very challenging. Most bloggers and webmasters fall into a dilemma while deciding the advertising rates for websites and blogs. This essentially is a multi-criteria decision making problem and needs a systematic approach for deciding the rates. This study identifies 8 criteria which may be used for deciding the pricing strategy for any publisher. Further this article provides a systematic approach to decide the best valuation of advertising rates for a web based publishing platform, be it a blog or website
This paper can be cited as follows: Kar, A.K. (2012). Deciding Advertising Rates in Online Media – A Practical Guide, Business Frontiers, 6(1), 1-10.
Keywords: Social Media, Web 2.0, Online Advertisements, Pricing, Rates,
Title: Demystifying empowered leadership: A CEOs Experiment in developing high performance workplace culture
M M Bagali, Professor, Strategic HRM, and Coordinator, research in Management, Jain University CMS Business School campus, Bangalore – 560078, India. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: During turbulent days, organizations are increasingly seen to innovate ways to manage business. One of these innovations is in the area of developing and managing human resources. Experience has shown that developing human resources often results in achieving a sustained organizational growth. Various strategies are being adopted by business organizations in this regard. One also sees a paradigm shift from an approach understood as ‘welfare approach’ to that of an approach commonly known as the ‘empowerment approach’. This approach of employee empowerment has seen interesting outcomes and hence has been accepted almost all across the world. This paper is an empirical study of Indian industry 1. It highlights some unique strategies adopted for managing human resources in this industry. The efforts have paid large dividends to the company. The workforce is committed as well as efficient. The business organization has succeeded and has been able to achieve global standards. This paper makes an attempt to advocate the cause of employee empowerment and calls upon practitioners to shift their practices from that of welfare orientation to empowerment. The paper also makes an attempt to demystify the concept of employee empowerment.
Key Words: Empowerment; Ownership culture; Leadership; Global Organization
This paper must be cited as: Bagali, M.M., (2013). Demystifying empowered leadership: A CEOs experiment in developing high performance workplace culture, Business Frontiers, 5(1), 1-19.
Title: Strengthening Rural Management Education in India
Ansu Abraham, Assistant Professor, Xavier Institute of Management, Jabalpur – 482 021, India
Abstract: Rural India is drawing more attention than ever before. To develop rural India, we need rural managers. Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA) recognized this need way back in 1979 and started a course in Rural Management. However, at a later stage, realizing the need to meet the growing managerial needs of ‘all types’ of organizations connected with rural economy, management institutions groomed their students to serve them too.This paper reflects certain concerns associated with the present Rural Management Education system, and proposes some changes for its strengthening. The first concern is related to the course curriculum. There is leakage of students from development sector to allied sectors. After completion of RM, most of the students join allied sectors or even mainstream business. Here, the concern is about the quality of workforce joining these sectors. Another concern related to curriculum is the limited rural exposures offered to the RM students. In earlier times, most of the RM Schools offered two rural exposures. But in due course, this tradition has disappeared. This has affected the quality of education. Similarly, the lack of rural exposure to allied specializations such as Agribusiness, Rural Marketing, Rural Finance etc.is also a matter of concern. The second concern is related to the visibility of RM Schools during admissions. At present, the enrollment to RM is also based on CAT, MAT etc. A separate All India level entrance test specifically for RM is the need of hour. Also,the premier institutions are not in the top 20 list of B School rankings, because of the ranking methodology which is tailored for the mainstream business schools. The third concern is related to the leakage of Rural Managers to other business sectors. “Alumni in corporate’ is becoming the thrust for some institutions. ButRural Managers need to serve the Rural Sector. Hence there is need to attract and retain young talents. Several changes need to be brought to the present RM education system to make it attractive and strong. All the proposals which are shared in this paper can be made possible with the support of subject experts, management, faculty and the students. Their combined effort will strengthen the system.But someone has to take the initiative; set an example; and lead.
Key Words: Rural Management, Rural Managers, Conventional B Schools
This paper must be cited as follows: Abraham, A., (2013). Strengthening Rural Management Education in India. Business Frontiers, 4(1), 1-8.
Title: Entrepreneurial Resourcefulness -Is it a Function of Gender?
Dr. Purna Prabhakar Nandamuri
Assistant Professor, Department of Marketing & Strategy, IBS, IFHE University, Hyderabad, INDIA.
E mail ID: email@example.com .
ABSTRACT: Fostering positive attitudes towards entrepreneurship is high on the policy agenda of several economies. It is the obligation of the prevailing education system to charge the graduating youth with entrepreneurial orientation. It is appropriate to spot out the influence of the fundamental factors such as age, gender, education, and family income and background on entrepreneurial orientation. Previous research profoundly concludes that gender plays a major role in entrepreneurial activity and women have less motivation for entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurial behaviour is a function of entrepreneurial resourcefulness. However, the nature of dependence of this trait on the other independent characteristics has not been made explicit or empirically testable to date. The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of the independent variable – gender, on the dependent trait – entrepreneurial resourcefulness, of management students. A sample of 200 final year post-graduate management students are selected randomly from leading management institutes in Warangal region which pass-out around 2000 management graduates every year who face a bleak opportunity for entrepreneurship and look for employment. The responses were tested with ANOVA and t-test with the help of SPSS-19. The findings establish that gender had a profound impact on entrepreneurial resourcefulness. The male group establishes a comparatively stronger preference for resourcefulness than their counterparts. As the generic limitations of time and money confine the generalizability of the findings, further research of a larger sample with wider geo-cultural background may help to establish the findings.
KEYWORDS: Entrepreneurial orientation, entrepreneurial resourcefulness, Demographic factors, Gender, Management students. Post-Hoc Analysis.
This paper can be cited as follows: Nandamuri, P.P. (2013). Entrepreneurial Resourcefulness – Is it a Function of Gender?, Business Frontiers, 3(1), 1-13.
Title: Websites as small but a significant market space in India: A forecast
P. Vigneswara Ilavarasan Arpan Kumar Kar
Indian Institute of Management Rohtak Indian Institute of Management Rohtak
Abstract: Due to a sudden change in the regulatory guidelines in India, a surge in the web-space requirements is anticipated among companies based on paid-up capital size. The objective of this guideline is to enhance the transparency in the corporate governance and signal the growth potential of the firms to the investors from India and abroad. This article explores the potential market size of website creation and maintenance for the 6.5 lakh companies, for whom this regulatory guideline may impact more.
This paper can be cited as follows: Ilavarasan,P.V., Kar, A.K. (2012). Websites as small but a significant market space in India: A forecast, Business Frontiers, 2(1), 1-6.
Often a question that plagues many a beginner research student is the major question: What is good research or How to write a good research paper. Often, this becomes a major headache for students striving to complete a dissertation for their masters programme or even their doctoral programme. So what are the dimensions of a high quality research or a high quality research paper that one needs to keep in mind while writing the same?
Typically, as I would go about it, a good research should follow a simple methodology which should transcend to a publishable good research paper. So here are the few basic steps which one should follow while writing a good research paper.
- First challenge is choosing the topic of the research. How does one identify what topic is actually a good topic of interest? A major point to ponder would be is the problem statement significant enough? How relevant is the context in the current scenario? If there is substantial past literature which has been already published, then it is likely that it is a good research topic, broadly. I would advise students who are yet to establish themselves in the academia to refrain from choosing topics which may be interesting, but would have very less literature to support the building blocks of the same. Choose a title for your work, which brings out its essence within 5 to 12 (maximum 15) words.
- Research studies typically have 3 important dimensions: Applicability (relevance of the study to the outer world), Rigor of methodology (to allow replicability of the study and the findings and thus the falsifiability of the theory), and the generalizability of the findings/results/theory generated through the study. However, many senior researcher feel that it is difficult to address more than 2 of these dimensions stringently while conducting a research, without compromising the 3rd dimension.
- Next start with a thorough literature review in the area in which you are planning to do a study. Typically remember, most quality research papers would have more than 30-50 citations and these researchers would have gone through 3 times the number of cited literature while developing the study. Not only a detailed literature review clarifies what could be the possible contribution in the paper, but also will help you to get a very strong idea on what could be the possible ways to go about the research methodology for such a problem. While conducting a literature review, it is of paramount importance to validate the degree of authenticity of the sources based on which you would build your work.
- After a thorough review of literature is conducted, it is time to define the contribution of your study. Always remember, the best research works are often those which strive to make a small yet significantly clear contribution. Attempting a huge amount of contribution often affects the quality of the work.
- Next is the step of designing a research methodology. Every research would be having an ideal methodology based on the focus of the study, the limitations of doing research in the problem domain and replicability of the methodology across other studies with a similar focus. typically research is often evaluated based on the methodological rigor with which the contributions are evaluated and subsequently highlighted. However, due to practical reasons, one needs to remember that limitations of available resources like access to data, technology, connections and other factors often limit the scope of following a “tailor made research methodology” and this often is an inherent issue of the problem under investigation. Not all studies can follow the ideal path due to lack of resources available to travel on the same. However, research methodology is of paramount importance and care should be taken to ensure that the best possible methodology is undertaken while planning out the research design.
- Then comes the major question of going about with the planned methodology. In various studies, this phase would be different. Sometimes methodologies need to be modified from the one that was planned, in due course of progress in the study. In social sciences (business management, other social sciences) this would essentially be the data collection phase, while in the domain of technology, this may entail the development of algorithms/hardware to meet the objectives to extend existing theories. This is followed by the stage where the analysis is done (on the data collected, or through the new proposed algorithms or using new technology) and the results need to be rechecked with existing literature for their validity on how they concur yet extend the same. Every details in these steps should be noted so as to allow the replicability of the study by another research following your methodology on a similar problem.
- Finally the last question is how to go about writing a great dissertation paper. Ideally the paper should have few mandatory sections like a brief introduction to the topic highlighting its significance and what you contributed, and the boundaries of your study. Next important section is the detailed review of existing literature in the topic so as to be able to bring out the existing gaps in the same. Next important section is writing in details about the contribution of your research and compare the same with the existing literature, and highlighting what existing theories it takes forward or contradicts. Then comes the theory section where you should describe in details what is your main proposition (including the model) in the paper, by building on the blocks taken from existing literature. Then you should give a detailed explanation of your research methodology through which you attempted to provide empirical validation to your propositions in your study. Then you should discuss the results of the research after it is conducted. Finally in the conclusion section, you should discuss the significance of your propositions/findings and highlight how it concurs with existing body of knowledge and yet takes it further, or disagree with the existing body of knowledge, suggesting reasons for the the same. Some research papers would also like to end with few notes on the limitations of the study and future research directions for someone to extend your work.
Hope this helps all the students who are writing their dissertation paper. Do get back to me if you feel any important dimension which has been missed here, can be added back. Also, if you have any clarification, feel free to shoot them to me. Ph.D. with first class or equivalent at the preceding degree in the appropriate discipline. Research is an art which can only be guided by some professionals like PaperWritingHelp.net.
“A market is never saturated with a good product, but it is very quickly saturated with a bad one”.
Henry Ford never said anything wiser. But essentially what is a good product or a bad product.
Technically a product may be great, but it may not meet the requirements of its target segment. Understanding the gap which no products available in the market is fulfilling is one short yet simple strategy to create a good product, and more importantly, a successful brand.
So how should companies go about it? Consumer focused market research is the only solution. So how to go about the same?
- First do an exploratory study to gauge the needs which your target segment may be facing which are yet to be met with.
- Then do an internal analysis to match the firm competencies vis-a-vis the gap faced by the target segment, to propose few product types with hypothetical specifications.
- Do a in-depth interview to review if the proposed product types meet the needs of the segment, or if at all, they are needed. Many products fail because they do not address any market needs.
- Do a conjoint analysis and/or a factor analysis to determine specifically what is required by the target segment.
- Go back to verify if the same matches with the internal competencies of the firm, and do a feasibility study for the proposed project.
In the emerging global economy, e-commerce and e-business have increasingly become a necessary component of business strategy and a strong catalyst for economic development. Michael Porter (1980) has argued that a firm’s strengths ultimately fall into one of two headings: cost advantage and differentiation. By applying these strengths in either a broad or narrow scope, three generic strategies result: cost leadership, differentiation, and focus. These strategies are applied at the business unit level. They are called generic strategies because they are not firm or industry dependent.
Need can either be recognized or generated. Most utility-based products like refrigerators, washing-machines, cars, etc. were introduced to the market because the manufacturers felt that there was a need for such products in the market. Refrigeration, cleaning and transport were far inferior before these products were launched, and post-introduction, they were easily accepted by the society.
There is no one best approach to analysis of an management case study. However, a number of general steps and guidelines can be followed to ensure better case analysis. Although the following steps are presented sequentially, it may be necessary during a specific case analysis to reorder or modify them, as they are intended to provide a general framework.